Patrick Caulfield

BRITISH master painter and printmaker, Patrick Caulfield is best known for his POP artworks,
Trained at the Chelsea School of Art and Royal College of Art, his first one- man show was held at the Robert Fraser Gallery, London, in 1965.  While he generally uses traditional subject matter, like landscapes and still-life, his style and approach to art, is reminiscent of Pop art.

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About The Artist:
Patrick Caulfield’s use of bright blocks of flat colour and thick black outlines became a hallmark of his style and has gone on to influence other artists such as Michael Craig-Martin and Julian Opie.
Caulfield was a slow worker with his paintings taking months to finish. In works such as After Lunch he inserted highly detailed photorealist sections into his characteristically stylized images, playing with the viewers definitions of reality and artifice.

Patrick Caulfield’s seemingly anonymous painting style is instantly recognisable. Although he disliked being identified with a particular art movement, he is often associated with British Pop Art because his subjects are often commercially produced or kitsch. However, unlike Pop Art he wasn’t interested in social realism or social comment and nor was his subject matter obviously contemporary or overtly American. Instead, he chose subjects that were ambiguous both in tone and context, such as images taken from manuals or cliched holiday destinations directly lifted from postcards. His paintings look like commercial advertising or a painting-by-numbers illustration because he removes all visible brush marks, limits his palette to bright bold colours in commercial gloss paint and surrounds his patches of flat colour with strong black outlines. Caulfield’s painting style was in part a reaction to the highly personalised painting style of Abstract Expressionism, but he was also strongly influenced by Fernand Leger and the Cubist painter Juan Gris.

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Patrick Caulfield is celebrated as one of Britain’s greatest Pop artists. A student at the Royal College of Art he is associated with contemporaries such as Derek Boshier, David Hockney, Allen Jones and R.B.Kitaj.

Using flat unmodulated colour contained by clear outlines, Caulfield’s work depicts the objects and places, often interiors, that were close to him.

Patrick Caulfield
1936 Born in London
1956-60 Chelsea School of Art, London
1960-63 Royal College of Art, London
1963 – 1971 Taught at Chelsea School of Art, London
1983 Commissioned to design the London Life mural for The London Life Association’s new headquarter in Bristol
1984 Commissioned to design the sets and costumes for Michael Corder’s new ballet ‘Party Game’ for the Royal Ballet at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
1986 Selected The Artists’s Eye at the National Gallery, London
1991 Commissioned to design the carpet for the atrium of the British Council offices, Manchester
1994 Commissioned to design giant mosaic, ‘Flowers, Lily Pad, Pictures and Labels’, for the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff
1995 Commissioned to design sets and costumes for ‘Rhapsoldy’ for the Royal Ballet at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London, England. Awarded the Jerwood Painting Prize
1996 Awarded C.B.E.

Performance of ‘Rhapsody’ at Opera National de Paris
1996 Awarded London Institute Honorary Fellowship

Lives and works in London

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2007 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London

2004 Patrick Caulfield, The Gallery at Manor Place, West Sussex, UK

2002 Patrick Caulfield: Paintings and Drawings 1985-2002, Waddington Galleries, London

2001 Patrick Caulfield, Pallant House, Chichester, UK

Patrick Caulfield, Galerie Papillon-Fiat, Paris, France

1999 Patrick Caulfield, Alan Cristea Gallery, London

Patrick Caulfield Retrospective, Hayward Gallery, London; Touring to Musee National d’Historie et d’Art, Luxembourg; Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon; Yale Center for the British Art, New Haven, Connecticut, USA 1998 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England

1997 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England 1996 Patrick Caulfield, Claudine Papillon, Paris, France 1994 Patrick Caulfield, Bodilly Galleries, Cambridge, England

1993 Patrick Caulfield, Galerie Claudine Papillon, Paris, France

1992 – 1993 Patrick Caulfield, Serpentine Gallery, London, England

1991 – 1992 Patrick Caulfield, Kilburn Tricycle Gallery, London, England

1989 – 1990 Patrick Caulfield, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon (continuation of 1987 British Council print retrospective): Touring to Guimares, North Portugal; Serrales Foundation, Oporto

1990 Patrick Caulfield, Music Theatre Gallery, London, England 1989 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London: Touring to Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York (solo)
1988 Patrick Caulfield, Cleveland Gallery, Middlesborough (print retrospective) solo 1985 – 1987 Patrick Caulfield, National Museum of Fine Art, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (British Council print retrospective): Touring to Federal University Espirito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil; University of Campinas, Brazil; Museum of Sao Paulo; Palacio das Artes, Belos Horizonte, Brazil; Sociedade Brasileira Cultura Inglesa, Londrina; Cultural Foundation of Curitba, Brazil; Cultural Foundation of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil; Institute of Arts of Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Museo Nacional de Artes Plasticas y Visuales, montevideo, Uraguay; Instituto Cultural de Las Condes, santiago, Chile; Sala Vina, Vina del Mar, Chile; Museo de Bellas Artes, Concepcion, Chile (solo) 1985 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England
1983 Patrick Caulfield: Print Retrospective, Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, England

1982 Patrick Caulfield: Retrospective, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
1981 Patrick Caulfield: Paintings 1963-81, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool (retrospective): Touring to Tate Gallery, London
Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London
1980 Patrick Caulfield, Tolarno Galleries, Melbourne, Australia
1980 Patrick Caulfield, Gardner Centre for the Arts, University of Sussex, Brighton (Welsh Arts Council print exhibition): Touring to Midland Group, Nottingham; Oriel, Cardiff
1979 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England
1978 Patrick Caulfield, Tate Gallery, London, England
1977 Patrick Caulfield, Tortue Gallery, Santa Monica, California (print retrospective): Touring to Phoenix Art Museum, Arizona
1976 Patrick Caulfield: recent paintings and prints, Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol
1975 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England

Patrick Caulfield, Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh, Ireland

Patrick Caulfield, Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool

1974 Patrick Caulfield, O.K. Harris Works of Art, New York

1973 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England

1972 Patrick Caulfield, Sweeney Reed Galleries, Victoria, Australia

1971 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England

Patrick Caulfield, D.M. Gallery, London, England

1969 Patrick Caulfield, Waddington Galleries, London, England 1968 Patrick Caulfield, Robert Elkon Gallery, New York

1967 Patrick Caulfield, Robert Fraser Gallery, London

Patrick Caulfield, Studio Marconi, Milan, Italy

1966 Patrick Caulfield, Robert Elkon Gallery, New York

1965 Patrick Caulfield, Robert Fraser Gallery, London

Group Exhibitions

2004 Pop Art UK: British Pop Art 1956-1972, Palazzo Santa Margherita, Palazzina dei Giardini (Galleria Civica di Modena), Modena, Italy

Art and the 60s: This Was Tomorrow, Tate Britain, London; touring to Gas Hall, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, UK

2002-2003 Blast to Freeze: British Art in the 20th Century, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany: touring to Les Abattoirs, Toulouse, France 100 Years of the National Art Collections Fund, Hayward Gallery, London

2002 United Kingdom United States, Waddington Galleries, London

Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London 2001 The Whitechapel Centenary Exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London

Pop Art US/UK Connections 1956-1966, The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas, USA

Les Annee Pop 1956-1968, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France

Verbal Inter Visual: Linking Worlds of Art and Poetry, Lethaby Galleries, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, London

My Generation/Fluid, Wolverhampton Art Gallery, Wolverhampton, UK Distinctions: Twentieth Century Drawings and Watercolours from the British Council Collection, Milton Keynes Gallery, Milton Keynes, UK 2000 Encounters, National Gallery, London

Blue: Borrowed and Bew, The New Art Gallery, Walsall, UK

1998 – 1999 Thinking Aloud, curated by Richard Wentworth, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge: touring to Cornerhouse, Manchester, Camden Arts Centre, London

POP-TASTIC, Wolverhampton Art Gallery, Wolverhampton, UK

1999 Signature Pieces, Alan Cristea Gallery, London

1997 Within These Walls, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, England

1995 Paintings from the 60s and 70s: Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield and Howard Hodgkin, Waddington, England

Jerwood Painting Prize Exhibition, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh: touring to the Royal Academy of Arts, London, England

1994 Here and Now, Serpentine Gallery, London, England

1993 The Sixties Art Scene in London, Barbican Art Gallery, London, England

1991-92 Pop Art, Royal Academy of Arts, London: Touring to Museum Ludwig at Kunsthalle Koln; Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

1992 Ready, Steady, Go: Painting of the Sixties from the Arts Council Collection, Royal Festival Hall, London, England: Touring Britain

1991 British Art from 1930, Waddington Galleries, London, England

1991 Works for the Stage, Music Theatre Gallery, London, England

1990 – 1991 For a Wider World: Sixty Works in the British Council Collection, The British Council, Ukrainian National Museum, Kiev, Ukraine

1988 – 1989 100 Years of Art in Britain, Leeds City Art Gallery

1988 Exhibition Road, 150th Anniversary Exhibition, Royal College of Art, London

1987 British Art in the Twentieth Century: The Modern Movement, Royal Academy of Arts, London, England

Pop Art USA-UK: American and British artists of the 60s in the 80s, Odakyu Grand Gallery, Tokyo: touring to Daimaru Museum, Osaka; Funabashi Seibu Museum of Art, Funabashi; Sogo Museum of Art, Yokohama

The Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London, England

2D/3D – Art and Craft Made and Designed for the Twentieth Century, Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Touring to Northern Centre for Contemporary Art, Sunderland

1986 Forty Years of Modern Art 1945-85, Tate Gallery, London, England

The Artist’s Eye, National Gallery, London, England

Little and Large, Waddington Galleries, London, England

1985 18 Bienal de Sao Paolo, Brazil organised by the British Council (with Stuart Brisley, John Davies and Paula Rego)

1985 The Irresistible Object: Still Life 1600-1985, Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds

1982 Aspects of British Art Today, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan: Touring to Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Utsunomiya; National Museum of Art, Osaka; Fukuoka Art Museum; Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Sapporo, Japan

1980 Hayward Annual, Hayward Gallery, London, England

Kelpra Studio: The Rose and Chris Prater Gift, Tate Gallery, London, England

1979 Understanding Prints, Waddington Graphics, London, England

1975 Body and Soul: Peter Moores Liverpool Project 3, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, England

1974 British Painting 74, Hayward Gallery, London, England

1972 Caulfield, Hodgkin, Moon, Galerie Stadler, Paris, France

Fourteen BIG Prints, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, England

1969 Pop Art, Hayward Gallery, London, England

John Moores Liverpool Exhibition 7, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, England

House Exhibition, Waddington Galleries, London, England

1968 The Obseeive Image, ICA, London, England

Painting 1964-67, Hayward Gallery, England

1967 Drawing Towards Painting 2, Arts Council Gallery, London, England: Touring to Stoke-on-Trent; Northampton; Oldham; Cardiff, St Ives’ Reading; Liverpool; Bradford; Norwich; Scarborough; Glasgow

9 Bienal de Sao Paulo, Brazil

5 Biennale des Jeunes Artistes, Musee d’Art Moderne, Paris

1st Edinburgh Open 100 Exhibition, Edinburgh

Recent British Painting, Peter Stuyvesant Foundation Collection, Tate Gallery, London, England

1965 4 Biennale, Salon de la Jeune Peinture – Musee d’Art Moderne, Paris, France: awarded Prix des

1964 The New Generation, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England

1963 Young Contemporaries, R.B.A. Galleries, London, England

1962 Young Contemporaries, R.B.A. Galleries, London, England

1961 Young Contemporaries, R.B.A. Galleries, London, England

Selected Collections

Harry N Abrams Collections, New York Arts Council of Great Britain, London Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth Birmingham City Art Gallery British Council, London and Manchester Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon Castle Museum, Norwich Dallas Museum, Texas Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington Department of the Environment, London Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C. Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Germany Manchester City Art Gallery Musée National d’Histoire et d’Art, Luxembourg National Gallery of Australia, Canberra National Museum of Wales, Cardiff Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Portugal – The Berardo Collection Peter Stuyvesant Foundation, London Tate Gallery, London Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Japan Victoria and Albert Museum, London Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester

Publications

Caulfield, P., Patrick Caulfield Prints 1964-81 (Waddington Galleries, 1981)

Gooding, M., Patrick Caulfield: The Complete Prints 1964-1999 (Alan Cristea Gallery, 1999) Livingstone, M., Patrick Caulfield: Paintings (Lund Humphries, 2007)

Papadakis, A., Patrick Caulfield: Paintings 1963-1992 (Art & Design) (Wiley Academy, 1992)

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