Horace Brodzky (1885-1969) was a student at the School of the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne, but spent most of his creative life in London. He was one of the earliest Australian artists to embrace the modern style of the twentieth century. Brodzky was the first Australian to be exhibited at the Venice Biennale (1912) and the one of the first artists to experiment with lino-cutting. His graphics were used to illustrated the literary works of Ezra Pound, Eugene O’Neill, Upton Sinclair and Theodore Dreisler.Brodzky’s work is represented in such important collections as the British Museum, the Tate gallery, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the National Museum of Wales, the Arts Council of Great Britain, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tel Aviv Museum, the Australian National Gallery of Victoria.
Posters as an art form were invented by Jules Chéret in Paris in the 1860’s. Their proliferation and refinement were the result of advances in printing technology, a relaxation of laws regulating the press, and a booming demand for the advertisement of ‘modern’ products and of the Parisian lifestyle in the Belle Epoque (1871 – 1914). In journals, books, theater programs, and posters, the graphic arts soon transcended their commercial function and became art objects sought out by art collectors worldwide.