Op Art

Op art, short for Optical Art, consists of works that feature optical effects especially optical illusions. For instance, some of the paintings of Bridget Riley convey a sense of motion despite being static, and some of her other pieces give the illusion of color despite being done in only black and white. Other terms for this genre are geometric abstraction, hard-edge abstraction, retinal art and perceptual abstraction. The terms geometric and hard-edge abstraction refer firstly that the works are abstract (as opposed to representational), and secondly geometric, regular, mathematical (as opposed to organic). The terms retinal art and perceptual abstraction refer to the viewer’s response to the work.

The term “Op Art” was coined by the sculptor George Rickey in 1964 during a conversation with two Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) curators, William Seitz and Peter Selz. The term first appeared in print in an article in Time magazine in October of the same year. The genre’s emphasis on vibrant color and pattern clearly found its way into the design and fashion of the 1960’s. As an identified, pure art movement, Op Art was short-lived – its pinnacle occuring in 1965 with MoMA’s exhibition entitled The Responsive Eye. On the other hand, works by Victor Vasarely dating from the 1930’s and by John McHale in the 1950’s have characteristics in common with Op Art.

A predecessor of Op Art is found in some artists working in the Bauhaus movement. The Bauhaus was primarily a school, founded by the architect Walter Gropius, which existed in Germany between the World War I and World War II. The school stressed the connection between art and craft as well as that between function and design. A sequence of instructors, including Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Josef Albers developed analytical exercises for studying shape and color that often became works in their own right. When the Nazi regime closed the school in 1933, some of the instructors, most notably Anni and Josef Albers, emmigrated to the United States and taught there, influencing generations of U.S. artists.

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Op_art and ArtSpeak by Robert Atkins.

Brian Rice Sector NO.1 - 1969 Print - Silkscreen 30'' x 27'' Edition: signed in Pencil, dated and marked 119/125 Cracked ink in the image. See images. During the 1960s…
Brian Rice Deco Flower - 1967 Print - Silkscreen 36'' x 30'' Edition: signed in Pencil, dated and marked 20/70 Cracked ink in the image. See images. During the 1960s…
Thomas (Kasper) Lenk Series B - 1971 Print - Silkscreen on Heavy Paper 26.5'' x 26.5'' Edition: signed in pencil, dated and marked 43/100 Unframed German sculptor, born in Berlin.…
Brian Rice Flasher - 1967 Print - Silkscreen 36'' x 30'' Edition: signed in Pencil, dated and marked 63/70Small tear in the left edge of the paper. Excellent condition During the 1960s Brian Rice produced…
Brian Rice Tangents - 1967 Print - Silkscreen 30.5'' x 25'' Edition: signed in Pencil, dated and marked 29/70During the 1960s Brian Rice produced luminous, hard edged abstract paintings and prints, which achieved…
Michael ChallengerC2 - 1979Print - Silkscreen   18'' x 25''Edition: Signed in pencil, titled, dated and marked 281/300unframed excellent conditionChallenger's work is a powerful interplay of op-art and constructivism. His graphic work…
Michael Challenger Heaven Forbid - 1979 Print - Silkscreen 17.5'' x 25'' Edition: Signed in pencil, titled, dated and marked 297/300 Challenger's work is a powerful interplay of op-art and…
Chryssa Times Square Fragment #5 - 1979 Print - Serigraph   37'' x 25'' Edition: Signed in pencil and marked 115/300 Born Chryssa Vardea Mavomichali. Unframed Very Good Condition Chryssa, best…
Yaacov Agam Multi Star - Print - Serigraph, screenprint   30'' x 30' Edition: signed and numbered in pencil 55/70 Unframed Yaacov Agam decided, in the 1950's, that art could be…
Yaacov Agam Pointed Rhythm II - 1970 Print - Serigraph, screenprint   10.5'' x 12.5'' Edition: signed and numbered in pencil 58/252 Unframed in Excellent Condition. Yaacov Agam decided, in the…
Yaacov Agam Multi Mag 2 - Print - Serigraph, screenprint   30'' x 30' Edition: signed and numbered in pencil 86/180 Unframed Yaacov Agam decided, in the 1950's, that art could…
Victor Vasarely Untitled Print - Silkscreen 28'' x 36.5'' Edition: Signed in pencil and marked 62/294 Previously framed. Mild staining in the paper. - Very good Condition Best known as…
Victor Vasarely Untitled 1 Edition: Signed in pencil and marked 74/100 Paper Size; 26.25" x 26.25" Image Size; 22.5" x 22.5" Previously framed. Mild staining in the paper. - Very…
Victor Vasarely Carden - 1980 Print - Silkscreen Edition: Signed in pencil and marked 141/240 Paper Size; 28" x 36.5" inches Minor surface scuff - edges have minor wear -…
Victor Vasarely Composition Silver - 1980 Print - Silkscreen   21'' x 16'' Edition: Signed in pencil and marked 28/100 Image Size; 17.5 x 12.5" . Frame size; 21" x 16"…

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